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California Government Code (GC) Requirements

All individuals vested with the powers of a peace officer must meet state minimum selection standards, whether they are applying to be a highway patrol officer, insurance fraud investigator, part-time reserve officer, or any one of hundreds of classifications of peace officer. To be a peace officer in California, at a minimum you must:

  • Be at least 18 years of age [GC§1031(b)].
  • Be a U.S. citizen or a permanent resident alien who is eligible and has applied for citizenship [GC§1031(a)]. (Note: CHP officers must be U.S. citizens at the time of appointment VC§2267.)
  • Have a U.S. high school diploma, GED or other approved high school equivalency exam, high school proficiency examination, or a two-year, four-year, or advanced degree from an accredited or approved college/university [GC§1031(e)].
  • Be free of any felony conviction or certain misdemeanor convictions that are disqualifying [GC§1029; PC§29805; 18 USC 922(d)(9)].
  • Be of good moral character as determined by a thorough background investigation [GC§1031(d)].
  • Be free of any physical, emotional, or mental conditions that might adversely affect the exercise of the powers of a peace officer [GC§1031(f)].