Procedural Justice and Police Legitimacy Resources

Many resources describing procedural justice and police legitimacy, and their convergence, have been produced in both the academic and law enforcement communities.  Resources demonstrating the approaches described above are available for review in many different formats:

  • Symposiums, presentations, articles and discussions relevant to examining explicit and implicit biases in the law, procedural justice, police legitimacy and perceptions of justice in the legal system. 
  • Strategies designed to improve relationships and increase trust between minority communities and the criminal justice system, as well advance the public and scholarly understandings of the issues contributing to those relationships.
  • Explanations of methods and assemblies (combinations of methods organized for diverse situations)
  • Concept papers describing foundational explanations for the methods and assemblies and why they work.
  • Provide readers with an opportunity to access stories and many other types of artifacts: podcasts and presentations, many by Thought Leaders and others; influential articles, books and ideas that have shaped procedural justice and police legitimacy.
  • Video and social media that convey key foundational concepts

Specific resources that may be helpful in furthering understanding of the topic follow.



  • E. Allen Lind and Tom Tyler, The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice (1988), and John
  • Lorraine Mazerolle, Sarah Bennett, Jacqueline Davis, Elise Sargeant and Matthew Manning (2013). Legitimacy in Policing: A systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. Campbell Collaboration
  • Thibaut and Laurens Walker, Procedural Justice (1975)
  • Tyler, T.R. and Fagan, J. (2008). Why do people cooperate with the police? Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, 6, 231-275
  • Tyler, T.R. (1990). Why people obey the law: Procedural justice, legitimacy, and compliance. Republished with a new afterword (2006). Princeton University Press.
  • Sunshine, J. and Tyler, T.R. (2003). The role of procedural justice and legitimacy in shaping public support for policing. Law and Society Review, 37(3), 555-589